With a rich history going back to the Native American cultures of prehistoric times, Enon is known for being the home to Ohio’s second largest burial mound. Enon was first laid out in 1838; its name means “abundance of springs.”In 1850, Enon was incorporated as a village; it has a population of around 2,400 people. The famous burial mound, Enon Adena Mound, is also referred to as the Knob Prairie Mound. Historians believe the mound to have been constructed by the Adena Indians.
As the main village in Mad River Township, Enon is located along the old Springfield and Dayton Turnpike, which is seven and a half miles southwest of Springfield. Among its rich Native American history, Enon is home to a major Indian trail which ran between the Indian Villages of Old Chillicothe and Old Piqua. Prior to the advancement of Western civilization, the Enon area is known to have been the home of at least three distinct groups of natives.
The oldest known to have called the land their home were the Adena. After the Adena came the Hopewell people, who were learned about from the excavations of the Campbell mounds. The most recent group were the Shawnee Indians, who lived at Old Piqua, which is the current location of the George Rogers Clark Park. Sometime prior to 1798, the first European settlers came to Mad River Township. From 1817 to 1838, historians say the area was a flourishing agricultural center.
The town itself was dedicated when the Springfield and Dayton Road was laid out. It was incorporated on March 15, 1850. While he was stationed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Mercury 7 astronaut Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom lived in Enon with his family. Today, the town is the location of the headquarters of the Speedway gas station chain.